Therefore, to investigate material mechanics and gain experience in uniaxial testing, we performed compressive and tensile tests on alloys, pure metals, and ceramics, and calculated their youngs modulus, yield stress, ultimate tensile strength, and elastic strain energy density. Test each concrete sample as soon as practicable after removal from its previous state of conditioning. Tensile testing of 4 norselast grades according to iso 37 was performed. Introduction tensile testing is one of the simplest and most widely used mechanical tests. View lab report tensile testing report from engr 229 at american university in cairo. The idea of this tensile test experiment is to calculate the specific material properties from each material tested and see how they compare to a standard reference of the same materials properties already provided in the real world. Abstract tensile test method for the determining of the. Astm d638 14 standard test method for tensile properties of. Abstract this experiment was conducted so as compare the mechanical properties of aluminium and mild. This report contains the results of an experiment to determine the elastic modulus, yield point, and ultimate strength of 1018 steel. When the metallic material exhibits a yield phenomenon, a point is reached during the test at which plastic deformation occurs without any increase in the force. Figure 1 tensile test machine the specimen that being tested is given some force in two directions, which is in unaxial direction. A completed worksheet, steel6150tens is in the help folder.
Using the testworks software in simulator mode, run a tension test and collect loadextension data for the acetalspecimen. A tensile test yields a tensile load, which is then calculated to an ultimate tensile strength. The tensile strength of the 304 and 316 series stainless steel used in the production of these products is an important consideration for designers when selecting what style, diameter and. Concepts the linear relationship is hookes law that represents elastic deformation. Youngs modulus, proportional limit, yield stress and ultimate stress also can be called yield strength and ultimate strength. Conclusion we were able to successfully tensile test. Tensile test report, 20 the epco bow and stern eyes are designed for mooring boats in accordance with abtc h40. A tensile test applies tensile pulling force to a material and measures the specimens response to the stress. The test is carried out at ambient temperature between 10cand 35 c, unless otherwise specified. Tensile test lab report yield engineering deformation.
Tensile testing and hardness testing of various metals. It measures the force required to break a composite or plastic specimen and the extent to which the specimen stretches or elongates to that breaking point. Test methods for mechanical properties of concrete at high. Object the purpose of this experiment is to understand the uniaxial tensile testing and provide knowledge of the application of the tensile test machine. Tensile strength testgrab university of northern iowa. With the advancement and continuing integration of composite materials and technology in todays modern industries, research in this field is becoming more and more significant. The procedure based on the astm c496 standard test method of cylindrical concrete specimen which similar to other codes lik is 5816 1999. An analysis of tensile test results to assess the innovation risk for an additive manufacturing technology article pdf available in metrology and measurement systems 221. The materials to be investigated are copper and steel.
Tensile testing of metals objective the tensile test measures the resistance of a material to a static or slowly applied force. Tensile testing of steel see web for typical report format including. Tensile test diagram strength of materials mechanical engineering duration. We can accommodate high volume, fast turnaround, or difficult material. From performing the tensile test the following properties will be determined. The data was used to calculate various properties of each material, including the elastic modulus, yield strength, ultimate tensile strength. The topic of this lab is confined to the tensile property of polymers. This report contains the results of an experiment to. Mar 20, 2018 tensile test tensile test is a method used to measure the strength of an material by giving a static load on unaxial direction of the specimen. Tensile testing of textile fabrics in accordance with astm d 5034 application report introduction astm d 5034 standard test method for breaking strength and elongation of textile fabrics grab test, is used to determine the breaking strength and elongation of woven, nonwoven and felted fabrics. Tensile testing of textile fabrics in accordance with astm d 5034. A tensile test, also known as a tension test, is one of the most fundamental and common types of mechanical testing.
Uniaxial tension and compression testing of materials. Abstract tensile test method for the determining of the structural properties of individual carbon fibers carlton metcalfdoetsch honors mentor. Splitting tensile strength of cylindrical concrete specimen. The results of the tensile tests showed that the a36 hot rolled steel was the strongest material. Pdf an analysis of tensile test results to assess the. Example long laboratory report mechanical properties of 1018. Astm b557, e8, f606 tensile testing tensile strength. For information, a manual method is described in annex h.
This test is a destructive method, in which a specimen of a standard shape and dimensions prepared according to astm d 638tandard test method for tensile properties of. Example long laboratory report mechanical properties of. Standard test methods for wet tensile breaking strength of paper and paper products1 this standard is issued under the. Tensile testing is one of the simplest and most widely used mechanical tests. The data used for this lab report was not gathered from the student run experiments, but rather from standardized testing performed by the laboratory professor, to ensure accurate and consistent results. Magnitude of the load is chosen with respect to the tensile strength of the material. Perhapsthemostnatural test of amaterials mechanical properties is the tensiontest,in which astriporcylinderofthematerial,havinglengthlandcrosssectionalareaa,isanchoredatone end and subjected to an axial load p a load acting along the specimens long axis at the other. When the metallic material exhibits a yield phenomenon, a point is reached during the test. The basics on the operation of universal testing machine were also learnt during this experiment. Tensile data analysis comments analysis of tensile data. This test determines the breaking strength and elongation of most textile fabrics. Conclusion we were able to successfully tensile test aluminium and mild steel using the universal testing machine, from the data obtained we were able to successfully obtain the youngs modulus, ultimate tensile strength and yield stress values of the two metals. This experiment was conducted so as compare the mechanical properties of aluminium and mild steel. Tensile testing and hardness testing of various metals technical report submitted to.
Tensile strength for service and accident conditions rilem. The objective of this experiment is to investigate the behavior of two material specimens under a tensile test. Tensile data analysis the tensile example document presents a method to generate a stressstrain curve from test data. Experiment 4 testing of materials in tension object.
This may differ from the specimens strength when breaking depending on if it is brittle, ductile or has properties of both. Tensile strength test grab test astm d 503495 reapproved 2001 standard test method for breaking strength and elongation of textile fabrics grab test what this test is used for. Tensile strength as used here is the force per unit width of test. The object of this experiment is to measure the tensile properties of two polymeric materials, steel and aluminum at a constant strain rate on the tension testing machine. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last. Tensile testing report tensile testing experiment 1 engr229. Report in your laboratory reports must have the followings. Complete a post test analysis on the test data and determine the following properties.
Three samples of each material were tested in the instron load frame, and the data gathered into an excel spreadsheet. By doing this, tensile tests determine how strong a material is and how much it can elongate. The universal testing machine can be used to determine the tensile strengths of. However, because of the high degree of sensitivity exhibited by many plastics to rate of straining and environmental conditions, data obtained by this test method cannot be considered valid for applications involving loadtime scales or environments widely different from those of this test method. This laboratory experiment is designed to demonstrate the procedure used for obtaining mechanical properties as modulus of elasticity, yield strength, ultimate tensile strength uts, toughness, uniform elongation.
This visual representation helps to guide the determination of material properties for design. Tensile testing, also known as tension testing, is a fundamental materials science and engineering test in which a sample is subjected to a controlled tension until failure. Tensile properties of paper and paperboard using constant. Tensile testing is a destructive test process that provides information about the tensile strength, yield strength, and ductility of the metallic material. At least 5 specimens of each material were tested for tensile properties according. Abstract this experiment was conducted so as compare the mechanical properties of aluminium and mild steel. The extensometer gauge length shall be recorded in the test report.
A tensile test sample was machined from 1018 steel stock 106. The test involves straining a test piece by tensile force, generally to fracture, for the purpose of determining one or more of the mechanical properties defined in clause 4. To avoid end effects from the shoulders, the length of the transition region should be at least as great as the diameter, and the total length of the reducedsectionshould. To determine the common stressstrain parameters which can be obtained from a uniaxial tension test. Properties that are directly measured via a tensile test are ultimate tensile. Tensile testing experiment 1 engr22983 khaled atya hassan 900977 1 abstract a tensile test was conducted. Lab 3 tension test objectives concepts background experimental procedure report requirements discussion objectives experimentally determine the yield strength, tensile strength, and modules of elasticity and ductility of given materials.1485 200 46 1406 69 164 1453 125 582 696 1354 92 1438 1135 700 227 401 102 220 247 1330 1259 341 209 1031 954 327 960 174 756 1419 1229 522 887 15